CBT (Cognitive behavioral therapy) is a therapeutic therapy which can influence problematic and dysfunctional thoughts (cognitions), behaviour and emotions using goal-oriented and systematic procedures conducted through individual weekly CBT sessions.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is supported by empirical evidence for producing efficient treatment of a variety of problems, including anxiety, self-esteem issues, mood disorders, personality dysfunction, eating disorders, substance abuse, and psychotic disorders. It's goal is to be brief and time-limited. This therapy applies a mixture of cognitive interventions and behaviourally oriented sessions.
Cognitive intervention therapy is used to identify and monitor thoughts, assumptions, beliefs and behaviours that are related and accompanied by debilitating negative emotions and to identify those thoughts and behaviours which are dysfunctional, inaccurate, or simply unhelpful. This is done in order to substitute or surpass them with more realistic and useful ones for the client. This is done by using structured technique and tool based therapy sessions.
Many Cognitive Behaviour programmes for specific disorders have been developed and evaluated for effectiveness; the health-care trend of evidence-based treatment,has favoured CBT over other therapies. In the UK, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence recommends cognitive behavioral therapy as the treatment of choice for a number of mental health difficulties, including post-traumatic stress disorder, OCD, bulimia nervosa and clinical depression. Indeed, such is the demand and referral for this therapy that there is a shortage of trained therapists in the UK and other countries, even the British government have called on more therapists to retrain in this area to meet demand.